How To Set Up A Trading
Business In India?


In India, trading has long been a successful industry. Foreign countries are looking to India to meet their import requirements because of the country’s wealth of resources, low labor costs, strong logistical system, and government regulations. A trading company may operate internationally or only inside its own country, concentrating on small retailers. It needs money to start a trade company, relationships with logistical providers, and successful registration.

How to start a trading business in India?

You can incorporate your trading company as a partnership firm, sole proprietorship, private limited company, or limited liability partnership (LLP). When registering as a sole proprietorship, you do not have to undergo a complex process, but only a few licences are necessary.
But for any other entity, you will need the following documents.

Digital signature certificate Owner’s residential proof Unique trade name
Director Identification Number Proof of official address Owner’s identification proof
Designated Partner Identification Number No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the office premise owner Aadhar & PAN card

You will also need a consent letter from designated business partners or directors stating they are willingly joining the trading firm. Next, fill out the incorporation form, enclose all the documents, pay the necessary fees, and submit it for approval. Following approval, you must file the Memorandum of Association (MoA) and Articles of Association (AoA), depending on your entity type.

You must follow the instructions listed below if you want to begin trading with a foreign nation by importing and exporting goods.

Register with the DGFT: After registering, your trading company will receive a ten-digit Import-Export Code (IEC) from the Director-General of Foreign Trade (DGFT). This number helps the customs agency keep track of any business dealings your organization conducts.
Obtain an import permit: Without an import license, the items you order from outside India are not allowed to enter the country. Your import permit must be renewed every two years if you’re importing capital goods. If the import is of consumables, components, or raw materials, the license is subject to renewal every 18 months.
Register with the EPC: India has fourteen EPCs across sectors, and EPC stands for the Export Promotion Council. You must apply there for a Registration Cum Membership Certificate (RCMC) and register your trade firm. You will be able to benefit from all trading advantages provided by the government with the help of this certificate. IEC numbers must be submitted along with the required fees in order to obtain RCMC.
Export permit: To undertake export business as a trader, you would require an exclusive Indian Trading Code. The eight-digit alphanumeric code identifies the type of items. This code must be issued by the DGFT.

A trademark can be a word, phrase, or sign that designates a particular product or service. A trademark separates one business from another operating in the same industry or a different one. You can file a lawsuit against anyone who uses your name without your consent if you register a trademark.
You can register your trademark or patent with the Office of the Registrar of Trademarks, which is a department of the Ministry of Industry and Commerce, Government of India.

Both direct and indirect taxes apply to the trading firm. The phrase “direct tax” describes a variety of income taxes imposed, including tax deducted at source (TDS), tax collected at source (TCS), advance tax, and self-assessment tax.
The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is referred to as indirect tax. You must receive a Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number (TAN) and a GST Identification Number (GSTIN) in order to comply with tax legislation.

Open a current account in your trading company’s name.
Obtain an environmental clearance certificate. If you work with environmentally harmful products, you need this qualification. These include explosives, chemicals, and other similar substances.

Other considerations when starting a trading business

Decide on the product:

A substantial amount of possibilities are available in trading. You can start exporting manufactured items including ready-to-wear, handmade jewellery, perishables, and precious metals. It is crucial to first comprehend the level of demand for these products on the Indian and global marketplaces. You should be aware of the upfront costs associated with trading such commodities. Your capital outlay will be bigger, for instance, if you are a manufacturer and seller of capital products.

Connect with logistics partners:

How promptly you can deliver the goods will decide how well your trade business does. To guarantee the prompt delivery of your goods, you may need relationships with brokers abroad as well as shipment companies, depending on the product.

Arrange funds:

Significant finance is needed for the trading industry. In this sector, customers frequently pay with credit or after receiving their orders. Thus, the first expense is typically your responsibility. In such a scenario, your company needs to have enough cash on hand. You might also research lenders for business loans. The majority of lenders, meanwhile, will only offer this loan if your trade company has been in business for more than five years.
If your trading firm is lucrative, you have solid credit, and you have all the paperwork required for loan approval, you can acquire a business loan with an inexpensive interest rate.


Starting a trading company is more challenging than beginning a retail company. There are a number of registration procedures and compliance criteria that you must follow. Dealing with capital goods also has considerable finance requirements. You cannot dispute the fact that the profit margin is bigger here, though.